Thirty years ago, a ship built in Hobart by Incat Tasmania, Hoverspeed Great Britain, challenged for the coveted Hales Trophy which recognises the fastest commercial passenger ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
The 74 metre Hoverspeed Great Britain left New York on her Transatlantic Challenge voyage arriving in at Bishop Rock on England’s south coast on 23rd June 1990. The crossing achieved in 3 days, 7 hours and 54 minutes.
The previous record had held for 38 years, the USS United States having taken it out in 1952 after a long list of Transatlantic Challenges by the great passenger liners over the previous century.
Two Incat built ships have since shaved time off the 1990 Transatlantic record, 91 metre Catalonia (Incat 047) in June 1998, and another Incat 91 metre Catlink V (Incat hull 049) in July 1998, the two-day 20 hours and 9 minute record set by the Danish Catlink V still held today.
It is the first time in the history of Transatlantic records (dating back to the 1860s) that three ships to win the trophy in succession had been built by the same shipyard.
This year marks 30 years since the record was broken by Hoverspeed Great Britain (Incat hull number 025). Although that record has been broken twice, each time it has been by an Incat built ship. There has not been a challenge to Catlink V’s 1998 record breaking speed.
Although the records commenced in the 1860s the Hales Trophy was created and first awarded in 1935. The original 1 metre high gilded Hales Trophy is on display in Denmark, however a full replica made in 1990 is on display at Incat Tasmania’s shipyard in Hobart.
It is important to understand that the Hales Trophy is awarded to “The Ship which shall for the time being, have crossed the Atlantic Ocean at the highest average speed”. So it is not simply a matter of reaching the highest speed momentarily, the right to fly the Blue Riband is a test of endurance as well as speed, the voyage must be without refuelling.
High speed needs to be maintained over the entire crossing, although a ship will naturally be travelling slower at the beginning with a full fuel load and become much faster toward the end of the journey as the heavy fuel load is expended.
The record-breaking Incat ships were fast due to lightweight aluminium construction utilising revolutionary wavepiercing technology with the advantages of low-buoyancy, long and slender hulls in catamaran form.
While a long narrow hull will slice through waves rather than ride over them, in large sea conditions they tend to deck dive. The Incat wavepiercer lessens this by including a centre bow, normally clear of the water, which increases buoyancy during these events thus preventing serious nose-diving at high speed or in high seas.
The Catlink V ship, Incat hull 049, is still in service 22 years after breaking the Transatlantic record. Bearing the name FjordCat the ship is operated between Denmark and Norway by ferry company Fjordline. Hoverspeed Great Britain is now owned by Greek ferry company SeaJets bearing the Seaspeed Jet livery. The former Catalonia, now SuperExpress is also operating in Greece.
Incat is currently building ferries for clients in Europe and Korea, and is close to completion of a 100 metre long ferry, hull number 094, for the Government of Trinidad and Tobago, the ship Bucco Reef will have capacity for 1000 passengers and 239 cars.